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Resource types:

Primary Sources from the day
Secondary Later articles about the armonica and musical glasses
Tertiary General reference for relevant background
Fiction Fiction in which the armonica or musical glasses appear
Science Modern articles about the science of glass bells
Scores Currently available scores of armonica music

Primary

Written by a participant or eyewitness in the history of the musical glasses/armonica, or other relevant source of the period (almost always pre-1900).

--- (1825); "Mrs. Thicknesse"; The Annual Biography and Obituary for the Year 1825; Longman, Hurst, et al; London; 9:328–341. For an online copy, click here.

--- (1832); Harmonicon

— (1762, May); Jackson's Oxford Journal 29

— (1765); L'Avantcoureur; p.151

— (1791, März 26); Wiener Zeitung; Nr. 25

— (1795, May 8); The Times; London

— (1800, Jan.); "Über die fremden Künstler und Virtuosen..." ("Concerning Unusual Artists and Virtuosos"); Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung; Vienna; col. 253–255

— (1802, Feb.); (Death Notice for Zumsteeg); Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung; Vienna; col.324

— (1804, Nov.); (Kirchgaessner review); Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung; Vienna; col. 86–87

— (1805, Jan.); (Kirchgaessner playing mentioned); Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung; Vienna; col.255

— (1806, Mar.); (Kirchgaessner mention); Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung; Vienna; col. 377

— (1807, Feb.); (Kirchgaessner review); Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung; Vienna; col. 338–339

— (1808, Jun.); (Kirchgaessner review); Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung; Vienna; col. 575–576

— (1809, Jan.); (Kirchgaessner death notice); Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung; Vienna; col. 252–3

Bacon, F. (1841); The Works of Francis Bacon; Montagu, B. (ed.); Carey & Hart; Philadelphia

Bacstrom, S. (1790(?)); Bacstrom's Alchemical Anthology; Hamilton-Jones, J.W. (ed.); (1960, kessinger.net)

Bartl, F. C. (1796); "Nachricht von der Harmonika"; Allg. Europ. Journal; Bd.l 1, Brunn, Bd. 11, S. 155–164

Bartl, F. C. (1798); Abhandlung von der Tastenharmonika; Brünn

Bartl, F.C. (1790); Über der Mechanismus zur Tastenharmonika

Berlioz, H. & Strauss, R. (1842–1843); Grand traite d'instrumentation et d'orchestration modernes; Paris

Berlioz, H. & Strauss, R. (1991); Treatise on Instrumentation; Dover; New York; ISBN 0486269035

Biester, J. E. (Hrsg.) (1787, Feb.); "Nachricht von der Rölligschen Harmonika"; Berliner Monatsschrift; S. 175–186

Bossler, H. P. C. (Hrsg.) (1789); Musikalische Real-Zeitung, für das Jahr 1789 und Anthologie für Kenner und Liebhaber der Tonkunst.; (New York, Hildesheim, 1971); Speyer

Bossler, R. (1809, May 10); "Mariane Kirchgessner in den letzten Tagen ihres Lebens" ("Mariane Kirchgessner in the last days of her life"); Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung; Vienna; col. 497–509

Cicero (2001); Cicero's Speech: Pro Rabirio Postumo; Siani-Davies, M. (tr.); Clarendon Press; Oxford

Coleridge, S (1866); The Friend; Bell & Daldy; London

Coleridge, S (1903); Works of Coleridge; Campbell, J.D.; Macmillan & Co.; 1903

Cotterell, G., (ed.) (1975); London Scene from The Strand; Book Club Asso.; London

Crofton I. & Fraser D. (1985); A Dictionary of Musical Quotations; Schirmer Books; NY

Deutsch, O. E. (1966); Mozart, A Documentary Biography; Stanford U. Press; Stanford, CA

Deutsch, O.E. (1961); Die Dokumente Seines Lebens; Bärenreiter; Kassel

Edgecumbe, (1834); Musical Reminiscences

Eisel, J. P. (1738); Musicus Autodidaktos; Erfurt; Reprint on demand through astrologos.org

Farrand, M. (1949); Benjamin Franklin's Memoires; U. of California Press; Los Angeles

Fithian, P.V. (1957); Journal & Letters of Philip Vickers Fithian 1773–1774; Farish, Hunter Dickinson; University Press of Virginia; Charlottesville

Ford, A. (1761, Nov. 2); "Instructions for playing on the musical glasses"; Public Advertiser; London; Apparently the only remaining original copy is at the Harvard University Library.

Forkel, J. N. (1782); Musikalischer Almanach für Deutschland; Leipzig

Franklin, B. (1746, Dec.27); Pennsylvania Gazette; Philadelphia

Franklin, B. (1868 / 1996); The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin; Dover; NY

Franklin, B. (1882); The Work of Benjamin Franklin; Sparks, J. (ed.); London

Franklin, B. (1905–1907); The Writings of Benjamin Franklin; Smyth, A. H. (ed.); New York

Franklin, B. (1959–present); The Papers of Benjamin Franklin. New Haven; Labaree, L. W. et al. (ed.); Yale University Press; 37 volumes of a projected 45 completed.

Franklin, B. et al (1784); "Rapport des commissaires charges par le Roi de l'examem du magnetisme animal.; Imprime par ordre du Roi; Sur la Copie imprimee au Louvre; Paris

Franklin, B. et al (1996); Rapport des Commissaires Chargés par le Roi; Skeptic Magazine; Salas, C. & D. (tr.); Translation of Franklin et al's report to Louis XVI. With introduction by M. Shermer.; Vol. 4. No. 3, pp. 66ff.

Frick, P.J. (1797); The True Knowledge of God and Man; William Bryan; London; I am grateful to Cis van Heertum of the Bibliotheca Philosophica Hermetica in Amsterdam for sending me a photocopy of this extremely rare book.

Gaffurio (1993); The theory of music; Yale University Press; ISBN 0300054971

Gafurius, F. (1492); Theorica musicae; Milan; (1967, Broude Brothers, NY); Facsimile of the 1492 Milan Edition

Galilei, Galileo (1638); Two New Sciences; tr. Crew H. & de Salvio, A.; Leida; (1954, Dover, NY); ISBN 0486600998

Gluck, C.W. (1962); Collected Correspondence and Papers of C.W.Gluck; Hedwig & Mueller von Asow (ed.); Thomson, S. (tr.); St. Martin's Press; NY

Godwin, J. (collected & annotated) (1987); Music, Mysticism and Magic; Arkana; London

Gray, Thomas (1935); Thomas Gray's Correspondence; Toynbee P. / Whibley L. (Ed.); Clarendon Press; Oxford

Gücking, (1784); Journal für Deutschland

Harsdörffer, G. P., Schwenter, D. (1636); Deliciae Mathematicae et Physicae; Dümleis; Nürnberg; (1991, Keip, Frankfurt); ISBN 3805108028. For an online copy, click here.

Hiley, R.W. (1903); Memories of Half a Century; London

Hoffmann, B. (1983); Ein Leben für die Glasharfe; Helmut Michel; Niederland; ISBN 3923947062

Hoffmann, E.T.A. (1989); E.T.A.Hoffmann's Musical Writings; Charlton, D; Cambridge U Press; Cambridge; ISBN 0521543398

Horstig, K. G. (1799, Mar. 13); "Musterung der gewöhnlichen musikalischen Instrumente" ("Examination of the usual musical instruments"); Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung; Vienna; No. 24, col. 372–375

Howell, J. (1890); The Familiar Letters of James Howell; Jacobs, J.(ed.); David Nutt in the Strand; London; reprinted Kessinger (www.kessinger.net)

Jefferson, T. (1950); The Papers of Thomas Jefferson; Boyd, J, P. et al. (Ed.); Princeton

Kielmansegge, Friedrich (1902); Diary of a Journey to England in the Years 1761-1762; Longmans; London

Kircher, A. (1673); Phonurgia Nova; Kempten; (1966, Broude Brothers, NY)

Kircher, A. (1684); Vita Admodum Reverendi

Klein, H. (1799, July); "Beschreibung meiner Tastenharmonika" ("Description of my Keyboard Armonica"); Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung; Vienna; col. 675–679

Koeble, F. & Hogan, W. (1994); Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings Handbook; Cast Iron Soil Pipe Institute

Liszt, F. (1863); Life of Chopin; Cook. M.W. (tr.); (2005, Dover, Mineola, NY)

Meister, A.L.F. (A.F.L.?) (1766); "Nachricht von einem neuen musikalischen Instrumente, Harmonica genannt"; Wochentliche Nachrichten; Hiller?

Menzies, D. (); A Treatise on the Angelica or Musical Glasses

Mesmer, F.A. (1980); Mesmerism: A Translation of the Original Medical and Scientific Writings; Bloch, G.J. (tr.); Kaufmann Inc.; Los Altos, CA

Mesmer, F.A. (1998); Mesmerism: The Discovery of Animal Magnetism; Bouleur, J. (tr.); Holmes; Edmonds, WA

Mozart, L. & W.A. (1938); The Letters of Mozart & His Family; Anderson, E. (ed. & tr.); Macmillan & Co.; London

Mozart, W.A. (2005); Briefe und Aufzeichnun­gen. Gesamtausgabe.; Bauer, Wilhelm A. & Deutsch, Otto E.; Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag; Kassel; ISBN 3423590769

Müller, J. Chr. (1788); Anleitung zum Selbstunterricht auf der Harmonika; Leipzig

Müller, J.C. (1788); A Self-Instruction Manual for the Glass Harmonica; Fox, L. (tr.); Leipzig; (1995(?)); Photocopy from Finkenbeiner. No copyright or publication notices.

Müller, W. Chr. (1796); "Beschreibung des Harmonicons, eines neuen musikalischen Instru­ments."; Genius der Zeit, eine Monatsschrift; Hg. A. Hennings.; Altona; S. 277–296

Neri, A. & Merret, C. (1662 repr. 2004); The Art of Glass; Society of Glass Technology; Sheffield, UK

Newburgh, B. (1759); Essays, Poetical, Moral and Critical; Rieland: Alex M'Culloh; Dublin; Reprinted (1972) Garland, NY

Not Identified (July 1989); History of Plumbing; Plumbing & Mechanical Magazine

O'Donahue, D.J. (1899); An Irish Musical Genius; Cowan & Co.; Dublin

Pilkington, J. C. (1760 / 1762); The Real Story of John Carteret Pilkington; London 1760 / Dublin 1762

Pliny (2001); Natural History, Bk.36–37; Eichholz, D.E. (tr.); Harvard U. Press

Pohl, C. F. (1862); Cursory notices on the origin and history of the Glass Harmonica; London

Pohl, C. F. (1862); Zur Geschichte der Glasharmonika; Wien

Quandt, Chr. Fr. (1797, März); "Über die Harmonika und ähnliche Instrumente nebst Bemerkungen über Harmonikaton überhaupt"; Lausitzer Monatsschrift; Nr. 2

Read, R. (1660); Secrets of Art & Nature; Kessinger; reprinted by Kessinger.net

Richard Strauss. Hugo von Hofmannsthal. Ein Briefwechsel (1983); ; Brosche, Günter (Hrsg.); Hans Schneider; Tutzing; ISBN 3795203651

Robertson, E.-G. (1831); Memoires recreatifs, scientifiques, et anecdotiques d'un physicien- aeronaute; Paris

Rochlitz, F. (1798, Dec. 14); Ueber die vermeynte Schädlichkeit des Harmonikaspiels ("Concerning the injurious character of playing the armonica"); Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung; Vienna; No. 7, col.97–102

Roger, J.L., (1803); Traité des Effets de la Musique sur le Corps Humain; tr. Sainte-Marie, E.; Chez Brunot; Paris

Röllig, C. L. (1787); Über die Harmonica. Ein Fragment; Berlin

Schiller, F. (1904); Sämmtliche Werke; Hellen, E. von der

Sloman, Susanp (2002); Gainsborough in Bath; Yale U.; ISBN 0300097115

Thicknesse, Ann (1829); The School of Fashion; J. & J. Harper; New York. For an online copy, click here.

Thicknesse, Phillip (1788); A sketch of the life and paintings of Thomas Gainsborough

Twiss, R. (1775); Travels through Portugal and Spain in 1772 and 1775; Robinson, Becket and Robson; London. For an online copy, click here.

Veri, P. & A. (1923); Carteggio di Pietro e Alessandro Veri; Novati, F. et al; Cogliati; Milan

Vernazza di Alba, G. (ed.) (1769); "L'Armonica Lettera del signor Beniamoni Franklin al padre Giambatista Beccaria regio professore di fisica nell'universitä di Torino dalF Inglese recata nell'Italiano"; Experimenta, atque Observationes, quibus Electricitas vindex late constituitur atque Observationes,; Turin; Turin 1769, p. 427–433 / Turin 1774, p. 437–443

Secondary

Written specifically about the musical glasses or armonica or an important figure in their history.

Tyldesley, Joyce (2005); Egypt: How a Lost Civilzation was Rediscovered; U of California Press; Berkeley & Los Angeles; ISBN 0520250206

Gossett, Phillip (2006); Divas and Scholars; U of Chicago Press; Chicago & London; ISBN 0226304825

— (2001, September); EFNS Panel on the History of Neurology; European Journal of Neurology; Vol. 8, p. 517

??? (); "Johann Gottlieb Naumann"; The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians; Sadie, S. (Ed.); V. ??? p.710–712

??? (2001–2002, Winter); "The Last Renaissance Man: Athanasius Kircher, SJ"; Company Magazine

Angermüller, R. ; Rabin, H.M. (); "Paradis, Maria Theresia"; The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians; Sadie, S. (Ed.); V. ???, p. 64–65

Ashbrook, William (1965); Donizetti; Cassel; London

Ashbrook, William (1983); Donizetti and his Operas; Cambridge; Cambridge; ISBN 0521276632

Aterman (2001); "Medical and Musical Byways of Mozartiana"; JAMA; 286: 1514–1515.

Baldwin, O., & Wilson, T. (1995); "Davies, Cecilia"; The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians; Sadie, S. (Ed.); Macmillan; London; Vol. 5, p.273

Barbieri, Patrizio (1997); Musical instruments and players in J.-A.-C. Charles's "Acoustique" (Paris, c. 1787-1802) and other French technical sources; Journal of the American Musical Instrument Society; Ward-Perkins, Hugh (tr.); Vol. 23, pp. 94-120

Becker, Skip (1998, Aug.); "Benjamin Franklin and the Armonica"; Piano Technician's Journal; v.41 n.8

Benz, E. (1977); Franz Anton Mesmer und die philospophischen Grundlagen des 'animalischen Magnetismus'; Abhandlungen der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaftlichen Klasse; Mainz

Benz, Ernst (2004); The Theology of Electricity: On the Encounter and Explanation of Theology and Science in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries; Pickwick; ISBN 0915138921

Bergmann, Walter (1962, Mar.); "Gluck's Trio Sonatas (review); Eight Trio Sonatas by Gluck (review)"; Musical Times; Vol. 103, No. 1429,, p. 161ff.

Berner, A. (1995); "Harmonium"; The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians; Sadie, S. (Ed.); Macmillan; London; Vol. 8, pp. 169–175

Bernhardt, W. (1856); Ernst Chladni als Akustiker; Wittenberg

Besaraboff, N. (1941); Ancient European Musical Instruments. An Organological Study of the Musical Instruments in the Leslie Lindsey Mason Collection at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Boston

Biggs, E. P. (1955–1957); "Benjamin Franklin and the Armonica"; Daedalus Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts an Sciences; Cambridge, MA; LXXXVI, pp.231–241."

Blackburn, B.J. (2001); "Gaffurius [Gafurius], F.; The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians; Sadie, S. (Ed.); ??? pp. 410ff.

Blavatsky, H.P. (1988); Isis Unveiled; Theosophical U. Press; Pasadena, CA; ISBN 0911500030

Bloch, Thomas (1988–89); L'Armonica de Verre, ou Glassharmonica; Conservatoire National Supérieur de Musique de Paris; Paris; "Premier état des recherches"

Bloch, Thomas (1991); La renaissance de l'armonica de verre [The renaissance of the glass harmonica]; Crescendo: Le magazine de la musique ancienne.; no. 36, pp. 14-24

Bloch, Thomas (1992, Jul. 1); "The Renaissance of the Glass Armonica"; Glass Music International Inc. Journal; p.2–3

Bowers, J. (1994, Spring); "Instrument und Korper: Die musizierende Frau in der burgerlichen Kultur by Freia Hoffmann" (review); 19th-Century Music; Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 285–293

Boydell, Brian (1991, Autumn); 'Mr. Pockrich and the musical glasses'; Dublin Historical Record; xlvii, 2, 25–33

Boyden, D. D. (1969); Catalogue of the Hill Collection of Musical Instruments in the Ashmolean Museum; Oxford; London

Brands, H.W. (2000); The First American: The Life and Times of Benjamin Franklin; Random House; New York; ISBN 0385493282

Brandstetter, Gabriele (1988); Die Stimme und das Instrument: Mesmerismus als Poetik in E.T.A. Hoffmanns Rat Krespel [Voice and instrument: Mesmerism as poetics in E.T.A. Hoffmann's Rath Krespel]; Laaber: Laaber-Verlag; 15-38

Brito, Manuel Carlos de (1984); Alguns dados inÚditos sobre instrumentos musicais em Portugal no sÚculo XVIII [Some new data on musical instruments in Portugal in the 18th century]; Boletim da AssociaÞao Portuguesa de EducaÞao Musical, Portugal; Vol. 41 8-11.

Brown, David (1991); Tchaikowsky; Norton; ISBN 0393030997

Buchner, A (1972); Musikinstrumente von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart; Dausien; Prague; ISBN 3768442713

Buchner, Alexandr (); Die Glasharmonika [The glass harmonica]; Das Musikinstrument, Germany; Vol. XIX/5, 10-XX/1-1 (May, October 1970-January 1971) 733-37; 1182-85; 38-40.

Buchner, Alexandr (1971); PrÝspevek k dejinßm frikcnÝch nßstroju. Sklenenß harmonika [Contribution to the history of friction instruments. The glass harmonica]; Casopis NßrodnÝho muzea: HistorickÚ muzeum, Czechoslovakia; Vol. CXL p. 84–100.

Buelow, G.J. (2001); "Kircher, Athanasius"; The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians; Sadie, S. (Ed.); V.13, p. 618–620

Bukofzer, M.F. (1947); Music in the Baroque Era; Norton & Company; NY

Buranelli, V. (1975); The Wizard from Vienna: Franz Anton Mesmer; Coward, McCann & Geoghegan; NY

Burke, J. (1976); English Art 1714–1800; Clarendon Press; Oxford

Castle, T. (1995); The Female Thermometer: 18th Century Culture and the Invention of the Uncanny; Oxford; Oxford; ISBN 019508098X

Chaigne, Antoine (1995); Le chant des verres de vin [The music of wine glasses]; Sciences et avenir; ISSN 0036-8636; no. 100, pp. 52-57. special issue 1995

Chateaubriand, F.-R. (1852); Les Natchez; Administration des Publications Populaires; Paris

Chladni, E. Fl. Fr. (1787); Entdeckungen über die Theorie des Klanges; ISBN 3746315190

Chladni, E. Fl. Fr. (1806); Über einige wesentliche Vervollkommnungen des Clavicylinders; Leipziger Musikalische Zeitung; Bd. 9, S. 221

Chladni, E. Fl. Fr. (1821); Beyträge zur praktischen akustik und zum Bau des Claviercylinders und damit verwandter Instrumente; Leipzig

Clark, Mitchell (1995, Sept); Music as fragile as its material: The classical repertoire of the glass harmonica; Experimental musical instruments; Vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 14-15

Cohn, E. (1992); Benjamin Franklin and Traditional Music; Reappraising Benjamin Franklin; Lemay, J.A.; U. of Delaware Press; Delaware

Cox, J. (2000, Spring); "Williamsburg's 'Divine Orpheus'"; Colonial Williamsburg; 2000, Spring, p.17ff.

Crawford, M.C. (1911); Goethe and his Woman Friends; Little, Brown, & Co.; Boston

Cripe, H. (1974); Thomas Jefferson and Music; U. Press of Virginia; Charlotesville

Darnton, R. (1968); Mesmerism and the End of the Enlightenment in France; Harvard U. Press; Cambridge, MA

Davis, W.B. (1987); "Music therapy in 19th century America"; Journal of Music Therapy; V, 24, p. 76–87

Day, C. R. (1891); The Music and Musical Instruments of Southern India and the Deccan; Reprinted (1996) Delhi Publishing Corp., Delhi; ISBN 8175361069

Debus, A. (ed.) (1968); World Who's Who in Science; Marquis-Who's Who; Chicago

Deutsch, O. E. (1954, Dec.); "Neues von der Glasharmonika"; Österreichische Musikzeitschrift; Wien; Bd. IX, Heft.12

Dickens, Charles (1855, Jan. 27); "Robertson, Artist in Ghosts"; Household Words; 10:253ff

Diderot, D., d'Alembert J. L. (ed.) (1765); "Verres, musique de"; Encyclopedie ou Dictionnaire raisonne des sciences, des arts, et des metiers, par une societe des gens de lettres.; Paris; Bd. XVII

Dietel, Gerhard (1989); Eine neue poetische Zeit: Musikanschauung und stilistische Tendenzen im Klavierwerk Robert Schumanns; Bärenreiter Hochschulschriften; Kassel; ISBN 3761809395

Donaldson, William (2004); Brewer's Rogues, Villains, and Eccentrics: An A-Z of Roguish Britons Through the Ages; Sterling Publishing; ISBN 0753817918

Drake, Stillman (1970); \"Renaissance Music and Experimental Science\"; Journal for the History of Ideas; 31, p.483–500

Drake, Stillman (1975, Jan–June); "The Role of Music in Galileo's Experiments"; Scientific American; 232 p.98–104

Drummond, R. (1910); Early German Music in Philadelphia; Appleton & Co.; NY; Reprinted (1970) by Da Capo Press, NY

Drye, S.L. (1984); The History and Development of the Musical Glasses; Master's Thesis, N. Texas State University; Denton, TX

Ehrlich, C (1985); The Music Profession in Britain Since the Eighteenth Century; Clarendon Press; Oxford; ISBN 0198226659

Einstein, A. (1936 / 1964); Gluck; Blom, E. (tr.); McGraw Hill; NY

Einstein, A. (1979); Mozart; Oxford U. Press; NY; ISBN 0195007328

Elkin, R. (1955); The Old Concert Rooms of London; Edward Arnold, Ltd.; London

Ertelt, Th. (1993); Alban Bergs »Lulu«. Quellenstudien und Beiträge zur Analyse; Wien; S. 22ff.

Ervine, B. A. (1975); \"Francis Hopkinson Smith and His Grand Harmonicon\"; Ohio State University; A Thesis

Farmer, H.G. (1960); "Sandj"; The Encyclopaedia of Islam; Gibb, H.A.R, Kramers, J.H., Levi-Provencal, E., Schacht, J.(ed); Luzac & Co; London; v.9 p.9–11

Faruqi, L. I. (1981); An Annotated Glossary of Arabic Musical Terms; Greenwood Press; Westport, CT

Federhofer-Königs, R. (); "Röllig, Karl Leopold"; Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart; V.7, p.609–610

Findlen, Paula (2004); Athanasius Kircher: The Last Man Who Knew Everything; Routledge; New York and London

Finger, S. & Gallo, D. (2004); "The Music of Madness: Franklin's armonica and the vulnerable nervous system"; Neurology of the Arts; Imperial College Press; London

Finger, Stanley (2006); Doctor Franklin's Medicine; U of Pennsylvania Press; Philadelphia; ISBN 081223913X

Finkenbeiner, G. (1986, Oct.); "The Glass Harmonica"; The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America; Vol.80, Issue 4, p. 1284

Finkenbeiner, G. & Meyer, V. (1987); "The Glass Harmonica: a return from obscurity"; Leonardo; 20, 139–142

Finkenbeiner, G. & Meyer, V. (1988); "The Glass Harmonica: A Return from Obscurity"; Glass Music International Inc. Journal; Vol. 1. No. 1. p. 3ff.

Flood, W.H. Grattan (1914); Irish Music; The Glories of Ireland; Dunn, Joseph, Lennox, P. J.; Phoenix Limited; Washington, DC

Flood, William H. Grattan (1927); A History of Irish Music; Browne and Nolan Ltd.

Forestier, J et al (1989); Tutors and "méthodes" from the Fétis Collection at the Bibliothèque Royale Albert I super(er), Brussels; The history of musical instruments: Manuals, tutors and méthodes; 2; Reading: Research Publications;; ISBN 0862571057

Franklin, B. (1949); The Memoirs of Benjamin Franklin; Ferrand, M. (ed.); UCLA Press; Los Angeles

Fraser, A. (2001); Marie Antoinette; Anchor Books; NY

Gallini, Natale (1959, October); 'Uno strumento ideato da Franklin: L'armonica a cristalli'; La Scala

Gallo, D & Finger, S. (2000); "The Power of a Musical Instrument: Franklin, the Mozarts, Mesmer and the Glass Armonica"; History of Psychology; Vol. 3, No. 4, 326–343

Geraci, Paul A. (2003); Alternative instrumentation: A study of selected instruments; Dissertation Ball State University; AAT 3091881

Gerber, E. L. (1977); Historisch - Biographisches Lexicon der Tonkünstler 1790–92 und Neues Historisch - Biographisches Lexikon der Tonkünstler 1812–1814; Othmar Wessely (Hrsg.); Graz; ISBN 3201007129

Gerson, Robert A. (1940); Music in Philadelphia; Theodore Presser; Philadelphia

Gloede, Wilhelm (2002, June); Zum Glasharmonika-Quintett KV 617; Mitteilungen der Internationalen Stiftung Mozarteum.; Vol. 50, no. 1-2, pp. 63-66

Godwin, Joscelyn (1979); Athanasius Kircher; Thames & Hudson; London; ISBN 0500810206

Godwin, Joscelyn (1995); Music and the Occult: French Musical Philosophies, 1750–1950; U. of Rochester Press; Rochester, NY

Godwin, Joscelyn (1995); Harmonies of Heaven and Earth; Inner Traditions International; Rochester, VT

Goodden, A. (2006); Miss Angel: The Art & World of Angelica Kauffman; Pimlico; London

Gosse, P. (1952); Dr. Viper: The Querulous Life of Philip Thicknesse; Cassel & Company; London

Gravitz, M.A. (1997, Apr.); "Mesmerism and Masonry: Early historical interactions"; American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis; v.39 n.4 p.266–270

Gravitz, M.A. (1997, Apr.); "Mesmerism and Masonry: Early Historical Interactions"; Amer. J. Clin. Hypn.; 39:4 p.266ff

Greene, John C. & Clark, Gladys L. H. (1993); The Dublin Stage, 1720-1745: A Calendar of Plays, Entertainments, and Afterpieces; (Lehigh University Press); ISBN 093422322X

Grenander, M.E. (1972, Fall); \"Benjamin Franklin\'s String Quartet\"; Early American Literature; 7:2 p. 183 ff.

Gurdas (1986); Gem Elixers and Vibrational Healing; Cassandra Press; San Rafael, CA

Hadlock, Heather (2000); "“Sonorous Bodies: Women and the Glass Harmonica”; Journal of the American Musicological Society; 53: p.507–42

Hall, M. (1990); Benjamin Franklin & Polly Baker; U. of Pittsburgh Press; Pittsburgh

Halsey, R.T.H. et al (1936); Benjamin Franklin and His Circle: A Catalogue of an Exhibition; Metropolitan Museum of Art; NY

Hammerich, A (Hrsg) (1911); "Das musikhistorische Museum zu Kopenhagen. Beschreibender Katalog, deutsch von Erna Bobe.; Kopenhagen; S. 12ff.

Hannes, A. (1975); Glas Aus dem Bayerischen Wald; Morsak; Grafenau

Hanslick (1869); Geschichte des Konzertwesens in Wien; Vienna

Harding, R.E. (1933); The Piano-Forte; Cambridge U. Press; Cambridge

Harding, Rosamond (1930–1931); "Experimental Pianofortes and the Music Written for Them"; Proceedings of the Musical Association; 57th Sess., pp. 57–71

Harrison, J.F.C. (1979); The Second Coming; Routledge & Kegan Paul; London

Heard, M. (2006); Phantasmagoria: The Secret Life of the Magic Lantern; The Projection Box; Hastings; ISBN 1903000122

Heller, G.N. (1987); "Ideas, initiatives, and implementaions: Music therapy in America, 1789–1848"; Journal of Music Therapy; V.24, p.25–46

Heyde, Herbert (2001, Summer); "Ars Vitraria: Glass in the Metropolitan Museum of Art"; Musical Instruments; Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, New Series; p. 52; Vol. 59, No. 1

Highfill, P.H. Jr; Burnim, K.A.; Langhans, E.A. (1978); Biographical Dictionary; Southern Illinois U. Press; Carbondale & Edwardsville

Hildesheimer, Wolfgang (1982); Mozart; Faber, Marion (tr.); Farrar Straus Giroux

Hirsch, H. (1943, Okt. 9); "Mesmerism and Revolutionary American"; American-German Review

Hoffman, B. (); "Röllig, Karl Leopold"; The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians; Sadie, S. (Ed.); V. ??? p. 536–537

Hoffman, B. (2001); "Frick [Frike], Philipp Joseph"; The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians; Sadie, S. (Ed.); Vol. ??? p.261

Hoffmann, Freia (1991); Instrument und Körper: Die musizierende Frau in der burgerlichen Kultur; Insel; Frankfurt am Main & Leipzig; ISBN 3458329749

Holman, P. (2004); "Ann Ford Revisited"; Eighteenth Century Music; Cambridge U. Press; 1/2 157–181

Horace E. (1956); "Notes on Franklin's Armonica and the Music Mozart Wrote for it."; Journal, Franklin Institute; V.262, No.5, p. 329–348

Horst, L.D. (); "Rochlitz, (Johann) Friedrich"; The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians; Sadie, S. (Ed.); V.??? p. 484–485

Horst, Thomas (1982, Spring); The Glass Harmonica; NACWPI journal, USA; Vol. XXX/3 p. 4-7

Hosler, B. H. (1978); "Changing Aesthetic Views of Instrumental Music in Eighteenth Century Germany"; (Diss.) Univ. of Wisconsin

Humes, J.C. (1995); The Wit & Wisdom of Benjamin Franklin; Harper Collins; NY

Hunt, Edgar (1981, Mar.); "The World of Baroque and Classical Musical Instruments by Jeremy Montagu; (review) "; Galpin Society Journal; Vol. 34, Mar., 1981 , pp. 170–172

Hyatt King, A. (1946, April 2); \"The Musical glasses and Glass Harmonica\"; Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association, 72d Session; London; p. 97–122

Hyatt King, A. (1956); "Some notes on the armonica"; The Monthly Musical Record; London; v.86 no.974 p.61–69

Ingram, Donald (2004, Fall); Memoir: Herman Schlicker and the Schlicker Organ Company, In Particular from 1956–1963; The Tracker - Journal of the Organ Historical Society; 48:4 p. 14–18

Isaacson, Walter (2003); Benjamin Franklin, An American Life; Simon & Schuster; NY; ISBN 0684807610

Israel, Karl (1876); Frankfurter Concert-Chronik von 1721–1780.; Cahn, P. (Hrsg.); Frankfurt; ND der Aus­gabe. Frankfurt 1986.

Johnson, J.M. (1924); Beginnings of Freemasonry in America; Doran Co.; NY; Kessingerpub.com reprint

Jüttemann, H. (1978); Die Schwarzwalduhr; Klinkhardt & Biermann; Braunschweig

Kaindl-HÍnig, Max (1982); Eine Glasharmonika in Bildern. Figurinen der Zauberflöte [A glass harmonica in pictures. Figurines of Die Zauberflöte]; Parnass, Austria. Vol. II/4 p.28-31.

Karnath, Timothy A. (1979); "The history of musical glasses in America, 1760–1830"; Kent State U.; Kent, OH; OCLC: 7053666; Thesis

Kidd, Ronald R. (); "Frederic Theodor Schumann"; The New Grove

King, A. Hyatt (1968); Mozart Chamber Music; BBC Publications

King, A.H. (1995); "Musical Glasses"; The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians; Sadie, S. (Ed.); Macmillan; London; Vol. 12, pp. 823–825

King, A.H. (2001); "Hoffmann, Bruno"; The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians; Sadie, S. (Ed.); ???? p.585

Kinsky G. / Halm H. (Hrsg.) (1955); "Zu Beesthovens Schauspielmusik zu ""Leonore prohaska"" vgl.; Das Werk Beethovens, Them. bibliograph. Verzeichnis.; München; S. 750, Melodram Nr. 3.

Koldau, L.M. (); "Kirchgeßner, Kirchgessner, Kichgäßner Mariane, Marianne, Marianna, Maria Anna (antonia)"; Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart; V.??? p.149–150

Koster, John (2000, Aug.); A Benjamin Franklin invention...Museum acquires rare glass armonica built in 18th-century France; America's Shrine to Music Museum newsletter; Vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 4-5.

Köchel, L. von (1969); Chronologisch-thematisches Verzeichnis der Werke W.A. Mozarts; Breitkopf & Härtel; Leipzig

Landon, H.C.R. (1989); Mozart: The Golden Years; Schirmer Books; NY

Landon, H.C.R. (1991); Mozart and Vienna; Schirmer Books; NY

Landon, H.C.R. (1999); 1791: Mozart's Last Year; Thames & Hudson; NY

Lemay, J.A.L. (2006); The Life of Benjamin Franklin; U. of Pennsylvania Press; Philadelphia

Leppert, R. (1988); Music and Image: Domesticity, Ideology and Socio-cultural Formaton in Eighteenth-Century England; Cambridge U Press; Cambridge

Liang, T.-P. (1970); Chinese Musical Instruments & Pictures; Chinese Classical Music Asso.; Taipei

Lipowski, Z.J. (1984); \"Benjamin Franklin as a psychotherapist: A forerunner of brief psychotherapy\"; Perspectives in Biology and Medicine; 27, 361–366

Loesser, A. (1954 / 1990); Men, Women and Pianos; Dover; NY

Lopez, C.-A, (1990); Mon Cher Papa. In: Franklin and the Ladies of Paris; Yale U. Press; London

Lopez, C.-A. (1981); Benjamin Franklin's 'Good House'; National Park Service; Washington, D.C.

Lütge, W. (1925); Die Glasharmonika, das Instrument der Wertherzeit; Der Bär; Leipzig; Bd. 2, S. 98–104.

MacLeod, C. (2002); Inventing the Industrial Revolution; Cambridge U. Press; NY

Mannoni, Laurent (2000); The Great Art of Light and Shadow: Archaeology of the Cinema; Crangle, R. (tr. & ed.); U. of Exeter Press; Devon, England

Marcuse, Sibyl (1964); Musical Instruments: A Comprehensive Dictionary; Doubleday; New York

Marek, G. (1969); Beethoven; Funk & Wagnalls; NY

Marion, F. (1885); Wonders of Optics; Quin, C.W. (tr.); Charles Scribner & Co.; NY

Martin, R. (2000); Beethoven's Hair; Broadway; NY

Matthews, B. (1975, Apr.); \"The Davies Sisters, J. C. Bach and the Glass Harmonica\"; Music and Letters; 56, p. 150–169.

McConkey, K.M., & Perry, C. (1985); "Benjamin Franklin and Mesmermism"; International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis; 33: p. 122–130

McVeigh, S. (1993); Concert Life in London from Mozart to Haydn; Cambridge Press; Cambridge

Mendel, Hermann (1879); Musikalisches conversations-lexikon; L. Heimann; Berlin

Merrill, Brian L. (2004); Athanasius Kircher (1602–1680) Jesuit Scholar; Martino Publishing; ISBN 1578984327

Meyer, Vera (1986, Dec); The glass harmonica, originally designed by Benjamin Franklin, currently being built by Gerhard Finkenbeiner; Experimental musical instruments; Vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 6-9.

Middleton, L.M. (1888); "Thicknesse, Anne"; Dictionary of National Biography; Stephen, L.; MacMillan & Co.; New York; 56:130–131. For an online copy, click here.

Mihulás, Jirí (); Das Ehepaar Maschek: Bedeutende darsteller des prager Musiklebens auf der Wende des 18. und 19. Jahrhundert [The Maseks: Important representatives of musical life in Prague at the turn of the 18th to the 19th century]; Maskov zbornik

Montagu, Jeremy (1979); World of Baroque and Classical Musical Instruments; Viking; ISBN 0879510897

Morgan, E.S. (2002); Benjamin Franklin; Yale U. Press; London

Morrow, Mary Sue (1985, Aug.); "Mozart and Viennese Concert Life"; The Musical Times; Vol. 126, No. 1710 pp. 453-454

Moule, A.C. (1908); A List of the Musical and Other Sound-Producing Instruments of the Chinese; Shanghai; Reprinted (1980) Frits Knuf; Buren, Netherlands; ISBN 9060275543

Mumford, L. (1963); Technics and Civilization; Harcourt, Brace & World; NY

Müller, Mette (1967, Nov.); Aeteriske klange [Ethereal sounds]; Almanak; Vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 56-61

Newmann, Kate (1993); A Dictionary of Ulster Biography; Institute of Irish Studies, Queen's University of Belfast; ISBN 0853894787

Niemoeller, K.W. (1962); "Joseph Aloys Schmittbaurs Werke und ihre Wuerdigung im 18. Jahrhundert'; Festschrift Karl Gustav Fellerer zum sechzigsten Geburtstag; H. Hueschen (hrsg.); Regensburg; (1962/R), 377–90

Niemoeller, K.W. (1962); "Schmittbaur, Joseph Aloys"; Rheinische Musiker; K.G.Fellerer (hrsg.); cologne; ii, 88–95

Niemoeller, K.W. (1995); "Schmittbaur, Joseph Aloys"; New Groves Dictionary of Music; Sadie, S. (ed.)

Niemöller, K.W. (); "Schmittbaur [Schmittbauer], Joseph Aloys"; The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians; Sadie, S. (Ed.); V. ??? p.546–547

O'Donoghue, D.J. (1899); An Irish Musical Genius, the Inventor of the Musical Glasses; Gill & Son; Dublin

Otto E.D., Hatch, C. (1956, Apr.); "Some Fallacies in Mozart Biography"; Musical Quarterly; Vol. 42, No. 2, pp. 187–192

Owen, B. (1987); E. Power Biggs, Concert Organist; Indiana U. Press; Boston

Pace, A. (1958); Benjamin Franklin and Italy; American Philosophical Society; Philadelphia

Palézieux, N. de (1988); Christoph Willibald Gluck; Rowohlt Taschenbuch; Hamburg

Palisca, C.V. (2001); "Galilei, Vincenzo"; The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians; Sadie, S. (Ed.); ???? p. 436ff.

Parton, J. (1864); Life & Times of Benjamin Franklin; Osgood & Co.; Boston

Pascual, B. Kenyon de (1983, Jul.–Oct.); English Square Pianos in Eighteenth-Century Madrid; Music & Letters; Vol. 64, No. 3/4. pp. 212-217.

Pattie, F.A. (1994); Mesmer and Animal Magnetism; Edmonston; Hamilton, NY

Petersson, R. (1956); Sir Kenelm Digby; Harvard U. Press; Cambridge, MA

Piggott, F. (1909); The Musical Instruments of Japan; Batsford; London

Piotrowski, K. R. (1985, Dec.); "The glass harmonica and sacred music"; The Amercan Organist; p.46ff.

Piotrowski, K. R. (1988); "Marianne Davies, the glass harmonica and nerve derangement"; Glass Music International, Inc. Journal.; Vol. 1, Nr. 1, p.5ff

Piotrowski, Kenneth (1987, Oct.); Cechy a sklenenß harmonika [Bohemia and the glass harmonica]; HudebnÝ nßstroje, Czechoslovakia; ol. XXIV/5 174-75.

Pisarowitz, Karl Maria (1969, Nov.); Zum Bizentenar einer Blinden (Marianne Kirchgõssner, 1769–1808) [On the occasion of the bicentennial of a blind virtuoso (Marianne Kirchgõssner, 1769–1808)]; Acta mozartiana, Germany; Vol. XVI/3–4 p. 72–75.

Pohl, C. F. (1867); Mozart und Haydn in London; Carl Gerold\'s Sohn; Wien; Reprinted (1970), Da Capo Press, NY

Pohl, C.F. & Pisarowitz, K.M. (1995); "Kirchgessner, Marianne"; The new Grove dictionary of music and musicians; Sadie, S. (Ed.); Macmillan; London; Vol. 10, p.74

Poirier, J.-P. (1993); Lavoisier; Balinski, R. (tr.); U. of Pennsylvania Press; Philadelphia

Poppe, G. (); "Naumann, Johann Gottlieb"; Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart; V. ??? p.928–929

Raines, R. (1967); Marcellus Laroon; Paul Mellon Foundation for British Art; London

Reckert, S. (); "Glasharmonika"; Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart; S.1400–1414

Reckert, Sascha (1991, Feb.); The verrillon, the glass-organ, a new glass harmonica, and other historical glass instruments; Experimental musical instruments; Vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 18-20

Restle, K. (1998); "Richard Strauss und die Glasharmonika"; Musica instrumentalis. Zeit­schrift für Organologie.; Nürnberg; Ausgabe 1, S. 24–46

Rieger, Eva (1981); Frau, Musik und Männerherrschaft; Ullstein Materialien; Frankfurt; ISBN 3548350992

Robbins, H.C. (1976); Haydn: Chronicle & Works; Indiana U. Press; Bloomington & London

Robbins-Landon, H. C (1955); The symphonies of Haydn; London

Rochlitz, Fr. (1868); Für die Freunde der Tonkunst; Leipzig

Rosenthal, M. (1998, Dec. 1); "Thomas Gainsborough's Ann Ford"; The Art Bulletin; v.80 n.4 p.649–665

Rosselli, J. (1998); The Life of Mozart; Cambridge U. Press; Cambridge

Rowland, Ingrid D. (2000); The Ecstatic Journey; U. of Chicago; Chicago; ISBN 094305625X

RummenhÍller, Peter (1983); Die musikalische Vorklassik. Kulturhistorische und musikgeschichtliche Grundrisse zur Musik im 18. Jahrhundert zwischen Barock und Klassik [Music of the pre-Classic period: cultural- and music-historical sketches of 18th-century music between Baroque and; München: Deutscher Taschenbuch; Kassel: Bõrenreiter

Sachs, C (1920); "Handbuch der Musikinstrumentenkunde"; Leipzig; ND der 2. Auflage, Leipzig 1966 und Hildesheim 1971

Sachs, C (1940); History of Musical Instruments; New York

Sachs, C. (1913); Real-Lexicon der Musikinstrumente; Berlin

Sadie, S. (Ed.) (1995); "Paradis, Maria Theresa von"; The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians; Macmillan; London; Vol. 14, p.175

Sauvage, E. (2004, Dec.); "Les fantasmagories de Robertson: entre <> et mystification; Canadian Centre for German and European Studies; V.1 No.2

Schiff, S. (2005); A Great Improvisation; Henry Holt & Co.; NY

Schindler, Anton (); Franz Conrad Bartl und seine Klavierglasharmonika [Franz Conrad Bartl and his keyboard glass harmonica]; Beiträge zur Musikgeschichte Ostmittel-, Ost- und Südosteuropas

Schlosser, J. (1984); Die Sammlung alter Musikinstrumente; Georg Olms; Hildesheim; ISBN 348705177X

Schmidt, Matthias (); Das Andere der Aufklärung: Zur Kompositionsästhetik von Mozarts Glasharmonika-Quintett KV 617; Archiv für Musikwissenschaft; Vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 279ff.

Schnapp, F. (Hrsg.) (1935); Busoni. Briefe an seine Frau; Zürich / Leipzig

Schneider, H (1985); Der Musikverleger Heinrich Philipp Bossler; Hans Schneider; Tutzing; ISBN 379520500X

Scholes, P. (1970); Oxford Companion to Music; Ward, J.O.; Oxford U. Press; London

Seaman, Gerald (1982); An eighteenth-century Russian pocket-book; Current musicology, USA.; Vol. XXXIV p. 53-63

Sharrat, M. (1994); Galileo: Decisive Innovator; U. of Cambridge; Cambridge

Simkin, Benjamin (1991, win-spr); Dr. Mesmer and Mozart: When medicine and music converged; Journal of the Conductors' Guild; Vol. 12, no. 1-2, pp. 44-49.

Skousen, M. (0895260336); The Compleated Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin; Regnery Publishing; Washington, D.C.

Smart, Mary Ann (1992, Jul.); "The Silencing of Lucia"; Cambridge Opera Journal; Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 119–141

Smith, Amy Elizabeth (); Tobias Smollett and the Malevolent Philip Thicknesse; Huntington Library Quarterly; Vol. 66, nos. 3 & 4

Smith, J. (1829); A Tutor for the Musical Glasses; Edinburgh

Solomon, M. (1995); Mozart: A Life; Harper Perennial; NY

Solomon, M. (1998); Beethoven; Schirmer Books; NY

Sommer, R. (1920); "Alte Musikinstrumente"; Bibliothek für Kunst- und Antiquitätensamm­ler.; Berlin; Bd. VIII,

Sonneck, O. G. (1905); Francis Hopkinson and James Lyon; H.L. McQueen; Washington, DC

Sonneck, O. G. (1907); Early Concert-Life in America (1731–1800); Breitkopf & Härtel; Leipzig; Reprinted (1978) by Da Capo Press, NY; ISBN 0306775913

Sonneck, O.G. (1916 / 1969); Suum Cuique: Essays in Music; Books for Libraries Press; Freeport, NY

Squire, W.B. (1888); "Davies, Marianne"; Dictionary of National Biography; Stephen, Leslie; MacMillan & Co.; New York; 9:147–8. For an online copy, click here.

Stainer J. & Barrett W.A. (); Dictionary of Musical Terms; Theodore Presser; Philadelphia.

Stander, Ed (1990, Aug.); Notes on the musical glasses; Experimental musical instruments; Vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 1; 5-8

Steptoe, Andrew (1986, July); Mozart, Mesmer and 'Cosi Fan Tutte'; Music & letters; Vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 248-255

Sterki, P. (2000); Klingende Glaeser; Peter Lang; NY; ISBN 3906764605

Stoutamire, Albert (1972); Music of the Old South: Colony to Confederacy; Associated University Press; Cranbury, NJ; ISBN 0838679102

Taricani, J. (1979, Apr.); "Music in Colonial Philadelphia: Some New Documents"; Musical Quarterly; Vol. 65, No. 2, pp. 185–199

Thayer, A. W. (1973); Life of Beethoven; Princeton U. Press; Princeton

Thomson, K. (1977); The Masonic Thread in Mozart; Lawrence & Wishart; London

Trojan, Jan (1981); Klßvesovß sklenen harmonika Frantiska Konrßda Bartla [The keyboard glass harmonica of Frantisek Konrad Bartl]; HudebnÝ nßstroje, Czechoslovakia; Vol. XVIII/6 (December 1981) 216-18

Tyldesley, Joyce A. (2006); Egypt, How A Lost Civilization Was Rediscovered’

Ullrich, H. (1971); Mariane Kirchgessner und Wien; Hans Schneider Tutzing; Mün­chen

Van Doren, C. (1991); Benjamin Franklin; Penguin; NY; ISBN 0140152601

van Heertum, Cis (1999); "Phillip Joseph Frick"; Mededelingen van de Stichting Jacob Campo Weyerman; Leiden, Netherlands; 22–2 (p.69–80) & 22–3 (p.129–145)

Vinchon, J. (1936); Mesmer et son Secret; Paris

Voegele (1956, Apr.); "The Relation of Mesmer to Mozart"; American Journal of Psychiatry; v.112 n.10 p.848–849

Walmsley, D.M. (1967); Anton Mesmer; Robert Hale; London

Walters, K.S. (1999); Benjamin Franklin and his Gods; U. of Illinois Press; Chicago

Warren, C. (2000); Brush With Death: A Social History of Lead Poisoning; Johns Hopkins U. Press; Baltimore

Wood, G.S. (2004); The Americanization of Benjamin Franklin; Penguin Press; NY

Wright, E. (1986); Franklin of Philadelphia; Harvard U. Press; Cambridge, MA

Wyckoff, J. (1975); Franz Anton Mesmer; Prentice-Hall; Englewood Cliffs, NJ

Zeichner, Craig (2003-2004, Winter); Music at Colonial Williamsburg; Early Music America; 9:4 p. 14-15

Tertiary

Germane background information. The armonica/musical glasses or their important figures probably aren't mentioned per se.

Marraro, H.R. (1946); Italian Music and Actors in America During the Eighteenth Century; Italica; 23: 104

Altick, Richard (1978); The Shows of London; Harvard U. Press; Cambridge, MA; ISBN 0674807316

Barteux, Ch. (); Les beaux arts réduits à und même principe.; [Paris, 1746] Paris, 1773. ND Genf 1969.

Benton, M.B. (); "Shakespeare and the Musical Glasses"; NOTE: Just a reference to the Goldsmith novel. No mention of the musical glasses in this article.

Bernsdorf, N. (1856–1861); Universallexikon der Tonkunst.; Bd. II, S. 324ff.

Bickerton, L.M. (1972); Eighteenth-Century English Drinking Glasses; Great Albion Books; NY

Bouasse, H. (1927); Verges et plaques, cloches et carillons.; Paris

Brancour, R. (1921); Histoire des Instruments de Musique; pp. 233ff.; Paris

Bray, C. (1995); Dictionary of Glass; U of Pennsylvania Press; Philadelphia; ISBN 0812233573

Bryce, J.V. (1956); The Holy Roman Empire; Macmillan; London

Buckley, F. (1925); Old English Glass; Dingwall-Rock, Ltd.; NY

Burney, Ch. (1776–89); A General History of Music from the Earliest Ages to the Present Period; London; ND Baden-Baden 1958

Busoni, F. & Weindel, M. (1907); Entwurf einer neuen Ästhetik der Tonkunst.; Noetzel; Triest 1907, erw. Leipzig 1916.; ISBN 3795907934

Büchner, A. (1972); Musikinstrumente von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart; Dausien; Prag; ISBN 3768442713

Chambers, W. & R. (1872–73); Chambers Encyclopedia; Lippincott; Philadelphia & Edinburgh

Charleston, R.J. (1984); English Glass; George Allen & Unwin; London

Churchill, W (1963); History of the English Speaking Peoples; Bantam Books; NY

Churton, T. (2002); The Golden Builders; Weiser Books; Boston

Cramer, C. F. (Hrsg.) (1783); Magazin der Musik; Hamburg; ND Hildesheim / New York 1971; Erster Jahrgang, zweyte Hälfte

Duggan, C. (2004); Concise History of Italy; Cambridge U. Press; Cambridge

Dörffel, A. (1884); Geschichte der Gewanhauskonzerte; Leipzig

Eliade, Mircea (1978); The Forge and the Crucible; U. of Chicago Press; Chicago; ISBN 0226203905

Elville,, E.M. (1961); Collector\'s Dictionary of Glass; Country Life; London

Enzyklopädie des Islam. Geographisches und biographisches Wörterbuch der muhammedanischen Völker. Ergänzungsband. (1938); ; Houtsma, A. et. al. (Hrsg.); Leipzig

Froissart, Mallory & Holinshed (1938); Chronicle & Romance; Collier & Son; NY

Fulcanelli (2005); Le Mystère des Cathédrales; Sworder, M. (tr.); Brotherhood of Life; Las Vegas, NV

Gable, C. (2004); Murano Magic, Complete Guide to Venetian Glass; Shiffer; Atglen PA; ISBN 0764319469

Hammesfahr, J.E. & Stong, C.L. (1968); Creative Glass Blowing; Freeman & Co.; San Francisco; ISBN 0716700883

Harrington, J.C. (1952); Glassmaking at Jamestown; Dietz Press; Richmond, VA

Hartshorne, A. (1967); Antique Drinking Glasses; Brussel & Brussel; New York

Howard, A.L. (1940); The Worshipful Company of Glass-Sellers of London; Glass-Sellers Co.; London

Janesen, E. (1997); Singing Bowls; Binkey Kok Publications; Holland

Jarves, Deming (1854); Reminiscences of Glass-Making; Eastburn\'s Press; Boston; Reprinted as Book On Demand through astrologos.com

Kulasiewicz, F. (1974); Glassblowing; Watson-Guptill; NY; ISBN 0273008560

Kurinsky, S. (1991); The GlassMakers: An Odyssey of the Jews; Hippocrene Books; NY

Liefkes, R (1997); Glass; V & A Publications; London; ISBN 1851771972

Macfarlane, A. & Martin, G. (2002); Glass: A World History; U. of Chicago Press; Chicago

Mentasi, Mollo, Sciaccaluga, ed. (2003); Glass Throughout Time; Skira; Milan Italy; ISBN 8884913454

Moore, N. (1924); Old Glass, European & American; Tudor Publishing; NY

Phillips, P. (1981); Encyclopedia of Glass; Crown; NY; ISBN 0517537923

Polak, A. (1975); Glass: Its Traditions and Its Makers; Putnam\'s Son; NY

Price, W. (1913); The English Patents of Monopoly; Harvard U. Press; Cambridge

Savage, G. (1978); Glass and Glassware; Octopus Books; Hong Kong; ISBN 0706401433

Schilling, G. (Hrsg.) (1840); Encyclopädie der gesammten musikalischen Wissenschaften, oder Universal-Lexikon der Tonkunst.; Stuttgart

Schubart, Chr. D. F. (1806); Ideen zu einer Ästhetik der Tonkunst; Schubart, L. (Hrsg.); Wien; ND Hildesheim 1969

Spillman, J (1976); Glassmaking: America\'s First Industry; Corning Museum of Glass; Corning, NY

Tait, H. (2004); Five Thousand Years of Glass; U. of Pennsylvania Press; Philadelphia; ISBN 0812218884

Thorpe, W.A. (1935); English Glass; Clark Ltd.; Edinburgh

Toso, G. (2002); Murano, A History of Glass; Arsenal Editrice; Verona

Walther, J. G. (1732); Musikalisches Lexicon oder musikalische Bibliothek; Leipzig; ND Kassel 1953

Wroth, Warwick (1850); London Pleasure Gardens of the Eighteenth Century; London

Zerwick, C. (1990); A Short History of Glass; Harry Abrams, Inc.; NY

Fiction

Fiction in which the armonica or musical glasses appear.

Byfield, B.N. (1967); The Glass Harmonica; Macmillan; NY; In this curious book, the 'glass harmonica' appears in the title but no where else!

Cullin, M. (2003); A Slight Trick of the Mind; Doubleday; NY

Dickens, C. (c. 1861); Great Expectations; T.B. Peterson & Br; Philadelphia; (p.52)

Geissler, H.W. (1936); Die Glasharmonika; Berlin

Goldsmith, O. (1766); The Vicar of Wakefield; (1986, Penguin Books, London)

Jean Paul (1795); Hesperus

Jean Paul (1796); Life of Quintus Fixlein; Carlyle, Thomas (tr.); Camden House; Trans. published (1991) Camden House; Columbia, SC; ISBN 0938100890

Jean Paul (1803); Titan

Lawson, R. (1967); Ben & Me: An Astonishing Life of Benjamin Franklin By His Good Mouse Amos; Little, Brown & Co.; Boston

Marley, L. (2001); The Glass Harmonica; Ace Books; NY

Melville, H (1851); Moby Dick; (Chapter CXXVII)

Pynchon, T. (1997); Mason & Dixon; Henry Holt & Co.; NY

Radcliffe, Ann Ward (1794); The Mysteries of Udolpho

Rubinstein, Josh (2004); Ben; lulu.com; ISBN 141162050X

Sand, George (1856); La Comtesse de Rudolstadt; (1999, Éditions Phébus, Paris)

Stevens, B. (1983); Ben Franklin's Glass Armonica; Carolrhoda Books; Minneapolis

Williams, H.L. (1957); The Singing Glasses; Arco Publishing; NY

Science

Modern (post-1900) articles about the physics of glass bells

Chan, Y. (2005, Nov.); "Why does water change the pitch of a singing wineglass the way it does?"; Am. J. Phys.; 73 (11), pp. 1045–1049

Guignard, Thomas (2002–03 Winter term); \"Tuning of Musical Glasses\"; Swiss Federal Institute of Technology; Zurich; Diploma Project. For an online copy, click here.

Kirillov, O. N. (); Subcritical flutter in the acoustics of friction; Proceedings of the Royal Society; doi:10.1098/rspa.2008.0021. For an online copy, click here.

Kirillov, Oleg N. (); How to Play a Disc Brake: A Dissipation-Induced Squeal; Noise and Vibration, 2008 (SP-2158); SAE International; 2008 World Congress Detroit, Michigan April 14-17, 2008. For an online copy, click here.

Rossing, T.D. (1984, Oct.); "Vibrational modes of a tuned handbell"; Journal of the Acoustical Society of America; 76(4), pp. 1263ff.

Rossing, T.D. (2001); "Acoustics of percussion instruments; Recent progress"; Acoust. Sci. & Tech.; V.22, no. 3, p.177ff

Rossing, Th. D. (1994); "Acoustics of the glass harmonica"; Journal of the Acoustical Society of America; V. 95, 1106–1111

Rossing, Th. D. (1994, Winter); "Acoustics of the glass harmonica"; Glass Music World; Loveland / Colorado; pg. 1–5

Rossing, Th. D. (2004, May); "Acoustics of the Glass Harmonica"; Journal of the Acoustical Society of America; Volume 115, Issue 5, p. 2566

Serafin, S; Wilerson, C; Smith III, J.O. (2002, Sept. 26–28); "Modeling Bowl Resonators Using Circular Waveguide Networks"; Proc. Of the 5th Int. Conference on Digital Audio Affects (DAFx-02); Hamburg, Germany

Spurr, R.T. (1961); The Ringing of Wine Glasses; Wear; 150-153. For an online copy, click here.

Taylor, C. A. (1976); Sounds of Music; Charles Scribner's Sons; NY; ISBN 0684154765

Xie, Yuan; Li, Sheng-Shian; Lin, Yu-Wei; Ren, Zeying and T.-C. Nguyen, Clark (Dec. 8-10, 2003); UHF Micromechanical Extensional Wine-Glass Mode Ring Resonators; Technical Digest, 2003 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting, Washington, DC,; pp. 953-956. For an online copy, click here.

Music Scores

Current music scores of armonica literature.

Mozart, W.A. (); Adagio & Rondo in Cm, K. 617; International Music Co.; New York.; No. 1033

Strauss, Richard (); Die Frau Ohne Schatten; Dover; ISBN 0486439208